Who can become a donor?
- If you are a young woman, between 18 and 35 years old, and you are in good physical and psychological health, you can become a donor.
Is there a financial compensation for donating eggs?
- According to the legislation in force - Article 3, Chapter I, Law 9/2014 of July 4 on Assisted Human Reproductive techniques:"Oocyte donation is in any case voluntary and altruistic, and no monetary consideration or other benefit in kind may be received by the donor. The donors will be entitled to compensation issued by the institution responsible for the oocyte procurement, limited strictly to covering the expenses and burdens derived from such procurement in form of allowances, restitution for lost income or similar".
What are the risks of donating eggs?
- Just between us, practically none. Usually, the process of donating eggs is tolerated satisfactorily by most women. Nevertheless, there are some risks that can occur exceptionally, such as: ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome (which consists of an excessive response to treatment), infection, hemoperitoneum or ovarian torsion. In all cases, treatment is personalized and periodically monitored to minimize any risk for the donor.
In what does an egg donation treatment consist?
- The treatment consists in getting your ovaries to produce more eggs, and to be able to donate those extra eggs to women who need them to fulfil their dream of having a child. To achieve this, you need to be given medication for 10-12 days.
Is donating eggs an act of solidarity?
- The donation will always be voluntary and altruistic. With this action, just between us, you will be helping women who, for various reasons, have not been able to fulfil their dream of having children.
What is the treatment followed by the donor?
- The medication, which is injectable, will be given by yourself or at our clinic for 10-12 days in order to stimulate the ovaries.
During the treatment, we will book you several appointments at the clinic to assess the response of the ovaries to the medication.
Does egg donation have side effects?
- Just between us, there are many myths about side effects. Contrary to popular belief, the treatment does not bring menopause forward, it does not increase the incidence of cancer, nor of a sudden appearance of acne or hair, nor does it cause sterility problems, nor does it generate any problems when you want to become a mother in the future. All of these assumptions are wrong and you have nothing to fear.
Can I be a donor if I am taking the contraceptive pill?
- Yes, but you will not be able to take them during the cycle for the treatment. The treatment of ovarian stimulation consists in getting the ovary to produce more eggs, thanks to medication. Therefore, during the treatment, it is not possible to take the contraceptive pill. We will let you know when you have to stop taking it.
Can I have sex during the egg donation treatment?
- It is not advisable to have sexual intercourse from the beginning of the ovarian stimulation until the new menstruation arrives, after the follicular puncture, as much for the risk of a multiple pregnancy, as for the risk of ovarian torsion.
Will I be able to have children in the future if I donate eggs?
- Yes. Because donating eggs does not mean that your reserve of eggs is depleted or its loss accelerated. A woman is born with a load of between 500,000 and 1,000,000 eggs. From birth, we start losing eggs, which die with the passing of time and then with every menstruation. In each normal cycle, several eggs begin to grow, but in the end only one will reach the necessary growth to ovulate. With the treatment, we are able to make grow several eggs to reach the appropriate size and mature without affecting the total number of eggs that a woman has.
What documentation do I need to become an egg donor?
- You only need to have your valid ID
When can a woman not use her own eggs?
- Just between us, through egg donation, you will be helping women:
- Whose ovaries do not work properly because age or some illness has affected them.
- Who have genetic illnesses that can be transmitted to their offspring.
- Who do not respond to stimulating medication or, if there is a response, their eggs do not have the necessary quality to be able to become pregnant.
Who performs the egg donation selection?
- It is the medical team that performs the selection of the egg donor, trying to guarantee the greatest phenotypic and immunological resemblance with the recipient. In no case may the donor be personally selected at the request of the recipient.
How are donated eggs used?
- During the puncture, oocytes are extracted, that will be used for in vitro fertilization to create embryos. These embryos will be transferred to the recipient so that she may become a future mother.
How often can I donate eggs?
- The number of cycles that can be performed in the clinic depends on several factors. Nevertheless, the Assisted Reproduction Law establishes that the maximum number of children born in Spain from eggs from the same donor should not exceed 6.
Can I know the identity of the children born through Assisted Reproduction treatments?
- No. The process is completely anonymous. The Spanish Law expressly forbids disclosing the identity of children born through the use of these techniques. Neither can a donor know the children, nor can these know the donor.
Do I have to go to the clinic to perform follicular puncture?
- Follicular puncture is performed in an operating room, under general sedation, and requires monitoring at the clinic for only 2-3 hours. After being re-accessed by the gynaecologist, you will be discharged with specific recommendations.
Are they going to give me anaesthesia for the egg retrieval?
- The retrieval of oocytes is a simple procedure, during which you will be 20 min asleep so that you do not feel any discomfort. Just between us, it is a quick and safe procedure.
What is the current legislation on donation?
- The donation of gametes and pre-embryos is defined as a free, formal and confidential contract between the donor and the authorized centre. The three requirements for the donation are:
- Free: the donation is an altruistic and free of charge action, in which only the physical discomfort and the displacement and work expenses that can be derived from the donation will be financially compensated. The donation can never be performed for lucrative or commercial gain.
- Formality: The contract between the donors and the authorized centre must be recorded in writing.
- Anonimato: The donation is anonymous and the confidentiality of the donor's identity must be guaranteed. Any children born thanks to the donation have the right, either by their own means or through a legal representative, to obtain general information from the donor, such as height, weight, blood type, but not their identity.
The tests that the donors will undergo are regulated by Law 9/2014 of July 4 on techniques of Assisted Human Reproduction.
Can I donate if I am overweight?
BMI - Overweight
- We do not usually accept donors who are overweight for the following reasons:
- Mainly to avoid health risks and protect the health of the donor.
- A high Body Mass Index (BMI) may lead to an increased risk of complications during egg retrieval, along with frequent sedation-related complications.
- In overweight and obese patients, higher dosages of medication are needed in order to stimulate the ovaries, as compared with patients with normal weight, taking into account that the effect of the medication on the ovaries could be reduced, so they are at higher risk of cancellation before egg retrieval is scheduled.
How long does the entire egg donation process last?
- The process lasts approximately 45 days, from the first information appointment until the egg retrieval. During this time, we will perform gynaecological and psychological tests, blood tests and monitoring appointments.